improve for the public

Now-a-days when the process of assembly elections is going on in five states, the question becomes more urgent as to how well the elected assemblies after spending crores and months of exhausting campaigning work. The picture that emerges from the available data in this regard cannot be said to be particularly encouraging. According to this, the annual average of most of the legislatures in the last decade is barely 30 days, which is much less than the annual average of the Lok Sabha (63 days). But this average of Lok Sabha also seems to be very low when we look at other countries. In the US, the House of Representatives had a record of 163 days in the year 2020 and 166 days in 2021, while that of the Senate was 192 days in both the years. The House of Commons in the UK had 147 sittings in 2020, though its annual average has been 155 days over the past decade. It is clear that the situation in our country is much worse than in developed countries. However, there may be a special circumstance behind the lesser number of meetings of the Legislature in a particular year. For example, the pandemic affected these meetings in 2020 and 2021. In the case of states, compulsions like President’s rule also reduce the number of these meetings in a particular year. But it is not about any particular year. Fewer legislatures in our country have remained a persistent trend, emerging correctly in the average of decades. In many big states, it shows a gradual declining trend. For example, in UP, the annual average of 47 days from the 1960s to the 1980s has increased to 30 days by the turn of the century and is now just 22 days. Similarly, in Tamil Nadu, the average annual meetings of 56 days between 1955 and 75 have come down to 51 between 1975 and 1999 and have come down to 37 days in the post-2000 period. However, there are many types of incompleteness associated with these figures. One is that it does not include the details of how many hours the meeting lasted. Whether the proceedings are adjourned for two-three hours or go on for the whole day, it is treated as a sitting. Secondly, the work of an MLA or a public representative is not just to attend the meeting of the Legislative Assembly. Thirdly, the number of meetings does not reveal how the topics discussed in the meeting were and how important or fruitful the discussions were on those subjects. But in spite of these limitations, the shrinking of working hours of the legislature is a sign of declining importance, which should be taken seriously.